Berlin um 1900
(Bilder zu Briefen Hinrich und Mathilde Speck)
Sedanpanorama in Berlin
"Anton von WERNER and 13 other Painters, The Battle of
Sedan, Berlin 1883.
After the Franco-Prussian 1870/71 the "dark side" of the panorama saw it's greatest popularity. Millions of visitors came to Berlin to see the zenith of illusive techniques, the Sedan Panorama of 1883. It was a fusion of art and science, based on the optical and physiological principles of Hermann von Helmholtz. It was the most expensive image of the time measured more than 7000 square feet, and brought the Battle of Sedan to the Alexanderplatz in Berlin.
It's difficult to guess the effect of a panorama on its contemporaries. They experienced the luminous scenery as a real battle, and the newspapers all over the country reported this on the frontpage. The Neue Preußische Zeitung wrote: At first the visitor is frozen... then he's afraid of the horses and feels compelled to draw back. The air seems to be filled with swirled-up dust... Trumpets bray and drums thunder."
With calculated precision, both the 360-degree image and the 3D interior concentrated the attention and hooked the observer. The image was not experienced as a self-contained object; indeed it negated the idea of a closed work of art, appearing instead as reality - everything was image. The technique was so effective that even in the 1980s, authoritarian societies like North Korea, China or Iraq, used the panorama as an instrument of nationalistic propaganda."
"The Sedan Panorama of 1883 was a fusion of art and science, based on the optical and physiological principles of Hermann von Helmholtz. It was the most expensive image of the time measured more than 7000 square feet, and brought the Battle of Sedan to the Alexanderplatz in Berlin." (sedan-panorama)
Eisenbahnregiment auf dem Tempelhofer Feld.
1900. Die liebe Verwandtschaft der Regentinnen Europas. 1914 zogen ihre Männer - vielfach Vettern - in den Krieg weil das Volk es so wollte - oder das Militär "nicht anders konnte". (e.a.)